项目名称 Project Name：深圳留仙洞万科云设计公社-桌景-B4地块 / Table-Landscape: Plot B4, Vanke Design Commune, Liuxiandong, Shenzhen
参展机构 Company ： 南沙原创建筑设计工作室 / NODE Architecture & Urbanism
设计师 Designer：刘珩、黄杰斌、史学源、王睿 / Doreen Heng Liu、Huang Jiebin、Shi Xueyuan、Wang Rui
摄影 Photographer：张超 / Zhang Chao
This is a semi-propositional experimental underground development. The ground level must be spared for public green, while the underground level may be used as creative office and public service facilities if possible and to establish a unique creative community. Commissioned by Vanke, URBANUS directed the overall urban design and landscape design of the north green corridor and also led the architectural design of the building clusters, which have been successively completed and occupied in recent two years. Four teams, i.e., FCHA, NODE, HUAYI, and URBANERGY, were designated for the architectural design of building clusters on Shenzhen plots, of which A3 and B4 were designed by NODE.
Problem Statement and Project Solution
But how to realize effective and open basement area of over 7,000sqm that is daylit and ventilated the same as the ground level? How could we incubate an extraordinary shared yard through design?
The flat level at grade is easily reminiscent of a smooth tabletop. What if it’s composed of several tabletops in varied forms? Inspired by the idea of breaking up the whole into parts, we create a tabletop that appears as an integral whole but is actually propped up by a number of tables in different structural forms. Unexpected spaces are thus created to dialogue with each other, while the gaps between tables allow for the possibility of natural daylight and ventilation.Each underground singular building may be conceived as a table in abstract sense, with the tabletop as urban green and the space underneath it as below-grade levels. The occupied spaces of the buildings are designed and combined on top of the structure. Those independent, simple and differentiated tables together form a nearly 4,800 sqm of double-level landscape at and below grade.
Creation Process & Result
确定了以结构的多样性塑造空间关系后，在3M为基本网格模数控制功能尺寸的基础上，以罗马NOLLY MAP的城市灰空间和岭南地域应对气候的建筑灰空间–公共街道与建筑之间的虚实肌理关系为灵感，将篮球场、森林广场、看台、咖啡厅等公共功能穿插于办公空间之间， 形成了层次丰富的体验空间及路径。
After defining the spatial relations via structural diversity, we employ a basic grid module of 3M for control of functional dimension, and intersperses office spaces with such public functions as basketball court, forest square, stand, and coffee shop to offer experience spaces and routes of diverse hierarchies. Such a concept is inspired by the void-solid relations between public street and buildings as shown in the urban gray space of NOLLY MAP in Roma and the climatically responsive gray building spaces in Lingnan region.
Structure means space. Our design is a tribute to the classic structures in history. 31 buildings in varied forms can actually be attributed to six structural systems, i.e. core + beamless floor, frame structure + ordinary slab, colonnade + non-covered, shear wall + beamless floor, single-point supporting + beamless floor, and multi-point supporting + beamless floor, presenting a varied and fascinating table view on multiple levels and from multiple perspectives. It is the second project of URBANUS after Nansha Science Museum that has been accomplished in collaboration with structural engineers in schematic design phase.
How does the project reflect the exhibition theme "Cultural Bay Area • Humanistic Design"?
The design was inspired by the “staircases” by Escher and the courtyard in architect Luis Barragan’s huose. By breaking up the whole into parts, utilizing existing height difference and following the principle of maximized spatial density, the architectural concept featuring shoulder-to-shoulder yet mutually independent “seven sisters” of courtyards was generated.
The diversified office spaces with such public functions as basketball courts, forest squares, stands and cafés to offer experience spaces and routes of diverse hierarchies have greatly enriched the cultural life of the residents. This urban gray space which climatically responsive in Lingnan region makes people more willing to come here than just to work.
As the whole plot is composed by 31 various structure units which actually form 31 different spaces to generate chance encounters and foster the design commune various identities.