项目名称 Project Name：“北山栖鸢”- 深圳莲花山顶公共卫生间/The Kite on Northern Hill – Shenzhen LianHua Peak Public Restroom
参展机构 Company : 深圳市华汇设计有限公司/Shenzhen Huahui Design CO.,LTD.
创作年份 Year ： 2018
设计师 Designer ： 肖诚，杨洋，李文，綦晓，莫穗聪，何顺鹏，张远鹏/Xiao Cheng,Yang Yang,Li Wen,Qi Xiao,Mo Suicong,He Shunpeng,Zhang Yuanpeng
摄影 Photographer ： 张超/Zhang Chao
文案 Copywriter ： 杨洋，李文/Yang Yang,Li Wen
The project is located on the top of Lianhua Hill, on the central axis of Shenzhen Futian Central District, with Xiaoping Bronze Statue Square on the south side and Jingui Road on the west side with a large flow of people. On the east side, the vegetation is dense and the landscape is excellent. The annual total number of tourists reached tens of millions, and the upgrade of public sanitation was entrusted to the expectations of Shenzhen's "Public Toilet Revolution" demonstration project, creating a new business card representing Shenzhen's urban image. The public restroom is about 950 square meters, and the ratio of male and female toilets and sanitary ware reaches 2:3, which improves the service capacity during peak periods.
Problem Statement and Project Solution
The design makes full use of the geographical advantage of the public toilet located in the open area on the top of the mountain to achieve maximum natural convection ventilation. Through the evenly distributed openings on the plane, natural monsoon wind is introduced. The floor height is 4.5 meters, with skylights on top, the indoor space is tall and sparse, bright and fresh, with good lighting and ventilation, which solves the problem of dark, humid and unpleasant smell in ordinary public toilets. The toilet compartment adopts a floor-to-ceiling design, and there is an exhaust pipe well in the wall behind the toilet to remove odors. Concealed air duct wells are arranged in the wall of the sink area to avoid slippery ground and eliminate unsafe factors.
The open layout and flowing space also posed a major challenge to the design, namely how to resolve the contradiction between privacy and publicity. The design uses thousands of miles of rivers and mountains, grilles, and stone walls to block in sequence, and through accurate calculations, the private areas in the toilets just avoid the sight of pedestrians.
Creation Process & Result
Realizing the harmony between architecture and nature is the primary principle of our design. In the overall layout, the building connects the male and female toilets in the north and south wings with a rest corridor, opening up the visual corridor between the square on the side of Jingui Road and the mountain forest on the east side. Birds inhabit among the mountains and forests. The base not only endows the building with a strong "natural attribute", but also provides favorable conditions to maximize its natural attributes. Due to the low elevation of the hiking road on the east side and the hidden sight line, the men’s and women’s restrooms are reliably arranged on the east side and are treated with full openness, and the room is introduced into the scenery. From a high point of view, the close-up view of the mountain forest and the long-term view of the city unfold slowly at 180°. It is the most luxurious configuration for the public health on the top of the mountain.
How does the project reflect the exhibition theme "Cultural Bay Area • Humanistic Design"?
In the continuous progress of urban civilization, the design of public toilets has been upgraded from a single function to a comprehensive improvement of art and service. In terms of details, a variety of usage needs have also been fully considered: some toilets are equipped with facilities for assisting the elderly and folding baby seats, and the toilets are especially equipped with vacant reminders, in addition to ceiling fans, mosquito killers, emergency lighting and other facilities. The maternal and infant room is equipped with a pure water machine, a milk warmer, a nursing table, a double sink for clean and dirty separation, etc. The layout of the third bathroom takes into account the needs of family members of the opposite sex. The maternal and infant room, the disabled and the third toilet are equipped with automatic doors, which are convenient for people pushing strollers and wheelchairs.
The public toilets are densely crowded along one side of the square. Here we set up two rows of perforated aluminum screens as a visual barrier to protect privacy. The famous Northern Song Dynasty painting "A Thousand Miles of Rivers and Mountains" was parameterized into perforated panels to reproduce the millennium to the citizens The elegant demeanor of the masterpiece gives the leisure square a strong cultural atmosphere.