项目名称 Project Name : 富兰克林街道老年护理中心 / U City
参展信息 Company：伍兹贝格 / Woods Bagot
客户 Client : 联合社区 / United Community
竣工年份 Completion : 2019
设计师 Designer : 伍兹贝格 / Woods Bagot
伍兹贝格设计的阿德莱德 U City是澳大利亚第一个位于城市 CBD 的养老生活方式目的地，是一座包容性强、全年龄段互联互动、交通方便的综合型健康社区。
项目基地位于阿德莱德城市中央商务区的 Franklin 和 Pitt 街角，原为一处有着 150 多年历史的教堂遗址，由南澳大利亚非营利性组织 Uniting Communities 所有，该组织提供包括老年护理、残疾人士服务、家庭服务、青少年服务等在内的 90 多个不同维度的社会服务项目。
业主希望能够通过旧址的重新开发充分接入其多元的社区服务，满足不同受众多样的空间需求，提供一个动态活力的健康社区。因此项目之初，伍兹贝格团队就将 U City 作为一个“社会项目”来考虑，力求将设计、建造实体建筑物作为“社会干预”的手段，对周边社区产生积极影响。
Designed by Woods Bagot, U City is a radically diverse, mixed use building integrated into the heart of Adelaide’s CBD-creating community and celebrating unity through diversity.
Situated on the corner of Franklin and Pitt streets, U City celebrates the 150 years long-standing history of the site as a place of worship and is a home for Uniting Communities, a not-for-profit organisation that provides over 90 different outreach community service programs and activities across South Australia including aged care, disability, youth services, homelessness intervention, foster care and family counselling.
The extent of Uniting Communities’ vision of accommodating its diverse social services in the facility lead the team to fundamentally see U City as a social project rather than a physical project and consider physical buildings as a means of social interventions, aiming at maximising the community impact. Therefore we spent valuable time with the client leaders and key stakeholders early in the process to fully understand the required content, functions, scale and building organization and came up with a fully aligned and clearly key goal: creating a facility that would be a catalyst for social (and generational) interactivity. This early involvement and open dialogue with the client were the key factors in achieving the future successful of the project.
Three years in the making, the Uniting Communities development is a unique 20-storey high-rise building incorporating an Australian-first mix of retirement living, specialist short- and long-term disability accommodation, conference and function spaces, offices, social services, and hospitality and retail outlets.
As a global studio, Woods Bagot is able to draw on our cross-sector diversity to blend residential, workplace and hospitality typologies, creating an outstanding and exemplary CBD healthy community using a vertical village concept and a highly desirable lifestyle and community-focused public realm.
Problem Statement and Project Solution
在综合考量结构合理性、材料选择、场地限制等因素和每个功能空间不同的功能需求基础上，团队由下而上通过体量堆叠的方式高效布局各功能区域，公共空间到私人空间自然过渡，精心融入 20 层高的高密度楼宇内，打造出一个兼具包容性和公众参与性的垂直健康社区。
From the outset Woods Bagot recognised that the variety of different building users and their wide range of needs could lead to complex design solutions. Managing this formed one of the biggest challenges for the team. After thorough research and collaboration in decisions regarding the rationalisation of structural elements, selection of materials, the overall scale and stacking of the project, the Woods Bagot team have produced a series of quite different typologies all looking to be stacked on top of one another to fit into a highly constrained urban site.
This proposal seamlessly integrates the diverse functional spaces into one high-performance and fully integrated, 20-floor building form, embodying Uniting Communities’ vision and aspirations. Within the building we have created high quality community spaces, designed to meet the needs of the broad spectrum of building users; from the residents, to the facilities staff, to visitors from across the city. The solution creates the context for a healthy and sustainable community providing a variety of supported care in active, engaging, wheelchair friendly living spaces complemented with multifunctional and social support facilities that provide an environment that is engaging, attractive and beneficial to all. It offers a new paradigm for older people living in the centres of cities and contributing to life at the heart of our communities.
Creation Process & Result
同时，进一步加入城市设计元素，新建 Penalua Place 人行步道，由 Franklin 街通向阿德莱德中央市场。绿化的巷道、咖啡店等其他零售业态以及 U City 接待空间共同形成了一个停靠、休息、互动和参与的生活圈，最大化建筑的“社区”属性。
建筑低层空间聚焦商务办公，涵盖一个多功能跨层活动空间、Uniting Communities 社区服务中心及办公总部和一个 2 层的综合办公空间。
1 到 2 层的多功能跨层活动空间，通过精心设计的天花、通透的大面积玻璃立面带来高端、优雅的氛围，可移动隔板则可以实现不同形式和规模的活动布置，供社区成员或公众进行教堂礼拜、商务会议、商业聚会等，灵活而弹性。
2-3 层则由业主主导，不仅带入其丰富的社区咨询和服务，同时设置办公总部，以全方位积极响应社区使用者的多样化需求。此外，供商用租赁的综合办公空间也旨在吸引更多的服务组织加入，以实现 Uniting Communities 的发展愿景和建立一个健康服务社区的承诺。
U City 作为阿德莱德第一个专为老龄人口及残障人士设计的健康社区，建筑物高层从 8 层到 18层按照不同住户的需求特别设计三种类型共 80 间公寓：41 间独立公寓、21 间残障人士公寓、18 间特殊需求人士短、长期休养度假公寓，供使用者按需选择。不同类型的公寓除高品质完备的一般性室内设施之外，还有根据具体需要加入科技元素，设计无接触式自动门、可调节高度的餐桌及无障碍卫生设施等。
Multi-entry Ground Floor to Connect City Life while Ensure Residents’ Privacy
To encourage the citizens of Adelaide to enter into the building, the ground plane acts as an extension of the public realm; removing entry barriers typically seen on commercial buildings and introducing large façade openings on all street-facing elevations.
The project also gives back to the public realm with urban design features such as the creation of Penalua Place, a new pedestrian laneway link from Franklin Street to the Central Markets. The landscaped laneway provides coffee shops, a general store and other retail concessions as well as the U City concierge, thereby providing people with areas to stop, rest, interact; maximizing the “community” essence of the building. In addition to the primary and side entrances at street-level, the team also designed individual service and carpark entries to ensure the efficiency of business functions and a separate dedicated entrance for residents to use to protect their privacy. With this multi-entry solution, the residences’quality of life is therefore largely improved by being private and safe – but also a part of the lively nature of the building’s entrance.
Multi-functional and Office Spaces to Activate and Enrich the Community Life
From the 2nd floor up to the 7th floor, the designers have provided spaces to accommodate community services, events, Uniting Communities office headquarters and other appropriately aligned commercial facilities to enhance the building’s overall business value.
The 2-storey multi-functional event space (with a ”folded” feature ceiling that references the design of the church that previously sat on the site), is enclosed within an exciting glazed façade. This space features moveable acoustic room separators that are elegantly designed to be configured in varied ways to serve activities and events of various scales. A conference facility with a fully serviced, commercial kitchen capable of serving a capacity of 400 occupants is also included.
In addition, new and purpose-built serviced office suites, clinics and leasing offices are home to a full range of community and consumer law services, a youth health medical clinic, allied health services, financial, personal and family counselling, mental health and alcohol and drug support services provide by Uniting Communities and other tenants that provide services compatible with Uniting Communities social vision.
Flexible Private Accommodation & Social Gathering to Enhance Interactions & Engagements
Being Adelaide’s first purpose-built senior living and social outreach community, U City comprises 80 apartments across three types: 18 Respite apartments, 21 Specialist disability apartments and 41 Retirement living apartments. This creates a varied offering of adaptable and flexible accommodation solutions to suit individual needs, tastes, tolerances and the levels of support they require.
The design creates a series of zones which are tailored to provide for the varying functional needs of the residents. The clusters are expressed as distinct ‘neighbourhoods’, in the planning and these identities are reflected in the external façade design too. Each ‘neighbourhood’ has its own community space and outdoor terrace embedded within the bronze coloured folds of the building’s façade.
Members of the public are invited in to interact with and share the space, creating the opportunity to foster relationships, display public art and mingle with the building’s users. As a defining feature of the building, the bronze folds in the facade create an elegant architectural demarcation which celebrates the diverse expressions of community and creates a link back to the architecture of the building that used to occupy the site.
How does the project reflect to the exhibition theme "Cultural Bay Area • Humanistic Design"
目前，医疗设计正在从“以医疗设施为中心”向“以使用者为本”的方向发展，而伍兹贝格正在寻求扭转的也是一种“在城郊设立高级养老设施”的旧有发展趋势。Aging in Place （原居养老）的模式可以让老龄人口不必离开他们熟悉而热爱的家人、朋友和生活社区，拥有更多参与城市生活的机会，带来一种高品质的城市养老生活方式。
U City 便是这种原居养老理念的一个成功例证，伍兹贝格团队以老龄人口和特殊人士需求为导向，通过连接建筑和街道，模糊公共和私人区域之间的界限，形成一种“与城市积极互动”的社区文化；精准分析客户和项目的内在需求，形成设计的根本原则：
A trend, that Wookds Bagot is seeking to reverse is the drive to place senior living facilities in the outskirts of our cities. This approach denies people the opportunity to engage in city life – or even to stay close to the neighbourhoods that they know and love. U-City is a successful experiment that signposts further opportunities to create mixed-use, senior (and multi-generational) orientated developments that also invite other citizens in to join a vibrant community.
By connecting the building to the street and blurring the boundaries between public and private realms we aim to generate a culture of interaction. Woods Bagot have populated the street and lower building levels with activities and opportunities that appeal to all age-groups and citizens, thereby creating the potential for a long and fruitful lifespan for the building; the apartments and residences themselves are designed to allow for the changing needs of the occupants as they age, without feeling bland or institutional as a result. They are clustered in “neighbourhoods” that allows groups of residents to congregate, socialise, support and engage each other (and their families) easily and readily.
U City exemplifies the concept of “aging in place”. Providing occupants with the peace of mind and reassurance that whatever life brings, they are likely to be able to stay where they wish to stay, surrounded by the people and facilities that they want and need to be close to.