项目名称 Project Name：河乐广场 / Tainan Spring
参展机构 Company : MVRDV B.V.
创作年份 Year ：2015-2020
设计师 Designer ：Winy Maas, Wenchian Shi, Jeroen Zuidgeest, Hui Hsin Liao, Angel Sanchez Navarro, Stephan Boon, Xiaoting Chen, Chi Yi Liao, Dong Min Lee, Andrea Anselmo, Yi-Chien Liao, Zuliandi Azli, Olivier Sobels
摄影 Photographer ：Daria Scagliola
Tainan’s water network served as the basis for the city’s marine and fishing industry since the 17th century, but the 1980s saw the city depart from this historic urban approach. China-Town Mall was built on top of the old harbour next to the Tainan Canal in 1983. A large commercial structure that no longer serves its intended purpose, it has become a drain on the vitality of downtown Tainan. Tainan Spring shows what solutions are possible for unused shopping malls now that online shopping is supplanting physical stores.
Problem Statement and Project Solution
A portion of the structure of the second basement level below has been exposed with a glass floor, allowing people to further understand the history of the site and appreciate the former mall as an important part of Tainan’s history. This new way of preserving heritage meant that the foundations of the former mall stick out of the park and the lagoon like a contemporary Roman Forum, offering a visual marker of the historical decision to close a port in favour of a mall.
A key part of the strategy for Tainan Spring was to bring the greenery to the city. As a result, the public square see the introduction of large areas of planting, which makes use of local plant species mixed together in a way that emulates the natural verdant landscape located to the east of Tainan, with trees, shrubs, and grasses providing multiple layers of vegetation. The density of these plant beds varies in response to the shop frontages, providing more space for people where needed and for plants in between. The design will take another two to three years to be fully realised as the freshly planted beds gradually grow into the lush garden that was envisioned.
Creation Process & Result
The original mall has been removed and meticulously recycled, making the project an innovative example of the circular economy. The mall’s underground parking level has been transformed into a sunken public plaza dominated by an urban pool and verdant local plants and surrounded by a shadowed arcade. The pool has been carefully planned to be a perfect gathering spot for all seasons: the water level will rise and fall in response to the rainy and dry seasons, and in hot weather mist sprayers will reduce the local temperature to provide welcome relief to visitors, reducing the use of air conditioning in the summer months. This space hosts playgrounds, gathering spaces, and a stage for performances, while the artful deconstruction of the building’s concrete frame has left a number of follies that can in due course be converted to shops, kiosks, and other amenities.
How does the project reflect the exhibition theme ‘Cultural Bay Area • Humanistic Design’ ？
The concept was to bring nature and cooling into the centre of Tainan, a hot city especially in summer, and to make a true oasis in the midst of the city. it creates a buffer for sweet water, it cools the city, it is a good base for nature and birds, and it is a reservoir for leisure and gatherings. The water environment's revival could regenerate parts of the city and in turn boost its economy, biodiversity and traffic and water management. In this case, it particularly provides Tainan's citizens and visitors a hydrophilic public space integrated with historic, educational, and sustainable value.
Meanwhile, it is envisioned as a way to review and recycle an architectural ‘mistake’. In Tainan Spring, people can bathe in the overgrown remains of a shopping mall. This project proves that it doesn't always have to be majestic opera houses and extravagant museum buildings that put a city on the map. You can also take something away to create value.